Syukuro Manabe#


In the early 1960's, we developed a radiative-convective model of the atmosphere, and explored the role of greenhouse gases such as water vapor, carbon dioxide and ozone in maintaining and changing the thermal structure of the atmosphere. This was the beginning of the long-term research on global warming, which I have continued until now in collaborating with the staff members of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) of NOAA.

In the late 1960's, Kirk Bryan and I began to develop a general circulation model of the coupled atmosphere-ocean-land system, which eventually became a very powerful tool for the simulation of Global warming. Furthermore, we have realized that a coupled model simulates well the low frequency variability of climate. This has encouraged us to use a coupled model for exploring not only global warming but also unforced, natural variability of climate from seasonal to centennial time scales.

The analysis of deep sea sediments and continental ice sheets indicates that the Earth’s climate has fluctuated greatly during the geological past. Throughout my career, past climate changes have posed many challenging questions, which we have tried to answer using climate models with various complexity. (Source:

Curriculum vitae#


  • 1953 BS , Tokyo University
  • 1955 MS, Tokyo University
  • 1958 Ph.D., Tokyo University


Princeton University, Lecturer with rank of Professor in the Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program, 1968- ; Graduate Work Committee of the Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program, Chairman 1985-1987, 1991-1992.

University of Tokyo, Geophysical Institute, Faculty of Sciences, Visiting Professor, 1983; External Review Committee, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 1999.

World Meteorological Organization/International Council of Scientific Union/United Nation Environmental Program, Joint Scientific Committee, 1981-1987; Greenhouse Advisory Group, 1986-1988; Feasibility Study Panel for Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment, 1987-88.

World Meteorological Organization , Commission on Atmospheric Sciences Working Group on Effects of Air Pollution on the Dynamics of the Atmosphere, 1971-75.

International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Commission of Dynamic Meteorology, 1972-1978, Commission of Climatic Variation, 1979-1982.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Changes, Lead author for Group I Report (Scientific Assessment) 1989-1990.

National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences, Panel on Climatic Variation, 1972-1980; Climate Research Committee, 1980-1981; U. S. Committee for the Global Atmospheric Research Program, 1974-1980; Panel on Cloud and Radiation, 1983-1987; Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, 1988-1991; Committee on Opportunity in the Hydrologic Sciences, 1988-1990; Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources, 1990-1993; Panel on Decadal/Centennial Climate Change, 1995.

American Meteorological Society , Commission on Scientific and Technical Activity, Committee on Radiation Energy, 1974-1977; Committee on Climate Variation, 1978-1982.

U.S. Department of Commerce , Executive Development Program for Senior Executives,1980.

Academic Press, Editor of Smagorinsky Festschrift: Advances in Geophysics (28, Parts A and B ), 1985.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA Panel on Climate and Global Change, 1988-; NOAA-Climate and Global Change Subpanel on Data Management, 1989-1990; NOAA-Climate and Global Change Advisory Panel on Information Management, 1992.

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, Scientific Advisory Council for the Climate System Modeling Program, 1989.

Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Ala., Scientific Review Panels (Atmospheric Sciences) 1988-1992.

U.S. Senate, Testimonies on Greenhouse Warming at the public hearing of the Subcommittee on Toxic Substances and Environmental Oversight (December 10, 1985), Energy and Natural Resources Committee (November 16, 1987, and June 23, 1988).

National Space Development Agency of Japan, Subcommittee for Earth Observation, 1998-.

  • National Academy of Sciences , Member, 1990
  • Academia Europaea, Foreign Member 1994
  • Royal Society of Canada , Foreign Member 1995
  • American Meteorological Society , Honorary Member 1997
  • Japan Meteorological Society , Honorary Member 2000
  • American Geophysical Union , Fellow 1967
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science, Fellow 1997

  • Japan Meteorological Society, Fujiwara Award 1966
  • American Meteorological Society , Meisinger Award 1967, 2nd Half Century Award, 1977, C. G. Rossby Research Medal 1992, W. O. Roberts Lecturer 1997
  • Asahi Glass Foundation, Blue Planet Prize (Academic Award), 1992
  • American G American Geophysical Union, Roger Revelle Medal 1993, J. Bjerkness Lecturer 1995.
  • Institute for Scientific Information, Paper selected as Scientific Classic by Current Content , 1993.
  • Asahi Shimbun Cultural Foundation, Japan, Asahi Prize 1995
  • Volvo Foundation, Volvo Environmental Prize 1997
  • European Geophysical Society, Milutin Milankovich Medal, 1998
  • Royal Meteorological Society, Simons Memorial Lecturer 2,000.
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, ERL Distinguished Authorship Award 1970, 1974, 1986, 1989, 1995, 1996 Scientific Research and Achievement Award, 1976 Administrator Award, 1980 Presidential Rank Meritorious Executive Award, 1989
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